岳的又肥又大水多,學生真實初次破初視頻

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development history
The aviation industry is described as "flower of modern industry". It is an important symbol of a country's technology, economy, national defense strength and industrialization level. In the past more than 60 years, China's aviation industry has grown from small to large, from weak to strong. It has formed a high-tech industrial system with complete professional categories, scientific research, testing and production, and has the ability to develop and produce modern advanced aviation equipment. It has developed various types, various uses of aircraft, engines and missiles, and has developed thousands of civilian products and foreign trade products, and has greatly promoted. The process of national defense modernization has made important contributions to national economic development and scientific and technological progress.
1950s
Hard start
The 60-70 decade of twentieth Century
Autonomous Development
The 80-90 decade of twentieth Century
Comprehensive reform
1999-2008 years
Across the century
2008-2011 years
Restructuring
1950s Hard start
In April 1951, the then government affairs office issued the decision on the construction of the aviation industry, marking the formal establishment of the new China aviation industry. During the first five year plan period (1953-1957 years), the state invested a lot of money, founded a number of aviation colleges and universities, built 13 key backbone enterprises, and initially established an aviation manufacturing system and personnel training system, so that the aviation industry quickly completed the repair and manufacture of the crossing.
1952
June 5th The Aviation Industry Bureau convened its factory director meeting. The meeting first put forward the principle of "aviation products, quality first".
1953
May 15th The Chinese and Soviet governments signed an agreement on the Soviet Union's assistance to China in building 141 key industrial projects (increased to 156 in 1955), including 13 aviation industry projects.
July 27th The Korean Armistice Agreement was formally signed. During the war to resist US aggression and aid Korea, the vast number of workers in the aviation industry made every effort to overcome difficulties and worked hard all night, repairing planes, engines and making a large number of auxiliary fuel tanks, which made positive contributions to support the people's air force.
1955
January 8th The first FL5 wind tunnel in New China was built in Harbin.
1956
May 28th China's first jet engine turbojet 5 was successfully manufactured in Shenyang.
July 19th China's first jet fighter jets 5 was successfully launched in Shenyang. In September, marshal Nie Rongzhen attended the ceremony of Zhu Jie and passed the national appraisal and acceptance in that month. This marks the entry of China's aviation industry into the jet era.
1958
May The first turbojet engine 1A designed by new China was successfully manufactured in Shenyang.
July 2nd President Mao Zedong visited the aviation industry exhibition held in Zhongnanhai, and pointed out that China had to design its own aircraft with its own "Tupolev".
July 26th China's first aircraft jets 1 was successfully launched in Shenyang.
December 14th The first helicopter in China was successfully launched in the first flight of Harbin in 5.
1951
April 17th The people's Revolutionary Military Commission and the executive yuan of the Central People's government issued the "decision on the construction of the aviation industry". In April 18th, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China issued a notice and decided to establish the aviation industry administration of the Ministry of heavy industry.
August 17th Nie Rongzhen and Li Fuchun submitted to Chairman Mao Zedong and the Central Secretariat the development plan of the aviation industry from 3 to 5 years from repair to manufacturing. In August 20th, Zhou Enlai read and approved: "to consent". In August 21st, Mao Zedong instructed: "do it". Liu Shaoji and Chen Yun circle. In December 10th, Zhou Enlai convened the meeting to further affirm the plan, and instructed to run the Aeronautical University.
1954
July 3rd The first flight of the first aircraft produced in New China was successfully launched in the first flight of Nanchang, which is the milestone of China's aviation industry from repair to manufacturing. In August 1st, President Mao Zedong signed the letter to Jia Mian personally, commending that this is a good start for building China's aircraft manufacturing industry and enhancing its national defense strength.
August 16th The first aero engine of new China, EM 11, was successfully manufactured in Zhuzhou. On October 25th, President Mao Zedong signed his own letter.
1957
February 11th The first civil aviation work conference was held in aviation industry. The meeting determined the policy of organizing civilian product production on the basis of actively meeting the needs of the empty Navy.
December 10th China's first multi-purpose civil aircraft was successfully launched in Nanchang in the first flight of 5.
1959
April China's first supersonic fighter destroyer 6 -19 (MIG GE) and its engines were put into batch production through national appraisal and acceptance. In September 30th, the Jones 6 flew first in Shenyang.
September 27th China's own bomber bombed 6 successfully in Harbin's first flight.
The 60-70 decade of twentieth Century Autonomous Development
By the end of the 1950s, China's aviation industry had set up specialized research institutes for materials, technical information and flight tests, and aircraft, engine and aeronautical instrument design rooms, founded the Aeronautical Research Institute and 22 aviation professional design institutes and research institutes, and built an aviation industry system in relatively short time.
By the late 70s, China's aviation industry not only had relatively strong aircraft and its supporting production capacity in Northeast, North China and East China, but also built a complete set of production bases for aircraft, engines and airborne equipment in the "three line" areas of Central South, southwest and Northwest China, and formed a relatively complete production capacity. The construction of the "three line" base has promoted the prosperity and development of the local economy and culture, laying the foundation for further integration into the regional economic development.
1961
June 30th According to the notification spirit of the CMC, the Aeronautical Research Institute was established in Beijing.
1963
September 21st Straight 5 helicopter quality clearance; in December 5th, JF 6 aircraft quality clearance. In December 11th, the Central Military Commission issued a congratulatory letter, commending: "this is a happy event to strengthen our national defense strength, and it is a sign that China's aviation industry has begun to improve in an all-round way."
1965
June 4th China's first jet ground attack aircraft was successfully launched by 5 aircraft.
October 26th The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China approved the key points of the defense industry in 1965, and made arrangements for the three line construction of the national defense industry. According to the central spirit, the aviation industry department immediately made the deployment of the three line construction: resolutely stop the first and second line construction projects, and move the first and second tier enterprises to the three line in a planned and orderly way. The three line construction of aviation industry started.
December New China successfully manufactured the first "upstream 1" of the coastal defense missile.
1967
March 29th China's first large jet engine turbojet 8 was transferred to batch production through identification and acceptance.
September 8th The "red flag 2" surface to air missile manufactured by the aviation industry has shot down 1 U2 high altitude reconnaissance planes over Zhejiang.
1969
July 5th China's first high-altitude high-speed eight aircraft was successfully launched in Shenyang.
1971
June 10th China's first air early warning aircraft "Air Force 1" was successfully launched in Shaanxi.
1974
August 5th The design and production of the "Haiying 1" shore to ship missile is stereotyped. This is the first anti-ship missile designed by China.
December 25th China's first medium-sized transport plane made 8 success in Shaanxi's first flight.
1976
April 3rd China's own water bombardment 5 aircraft first flew in Hubei successfully.
1979
January 2nd According to the decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, aviation products are converted from free to foreign trade into paid trade. This is the beginning of China's aviation industry's international trade. In January 21st, the State Council approved the establishment of China aviation technology import and Export Corporation.
1960
February 20th China's first supersonic wind tunnel was built and put into operation in Shenyang. The wind tunnel has conducted tens of thousands of wind tunnel tests for hundreds of products since then.
October 17th The No. 1 large liquid rocket engine made in China passed No. 71 in Beijing.
1962
January 5th The primary trainer designed and manufactured by China has been set up in 6. It has trained tens of thousands of pilots for the army.
February 20th The Aeronautical Research Institute has formulated the outline of the ten year plan for aeronautical scientific research. First, it is necessary to cooperate with the trial production of MIG -21 and -13 air to air missiles, and then carry out self design on the basis of thorough understanding.
1964
April 11th The first air to air missile "Thunderbolt 1" approved by the state was approved and put into small batch production.
December 4th China's first ground to air missile "red flag 1" was put into operation and delivered to the army.
1966
January 17th Two times the speed of sound, the first domestic flight of the J7 aircraft was successful in Shenyang, indicating that China has the ability to build its own second generation fighter.
September 25th Bomber 5 light bomber successfully flew first in Harbin. China has the ability to produce jet bombers since then.
December The turbojet engine with 7 turbojet engines has been successfully tested, making China the second country in the world to adopt hollow casting blades after the US.
1968
December 14th China's imitation high subsonic medium bomber successfully launched the first flight of 6 armour in Xi'an, and was transferred to mass production in 1969.
1970
December 25th The first flight of the 7 aircraft in Xi'an successfully filled the gap between China's turboprop and short haul transport aircraft.
1972
January 7th The strong 5 nuclear weapon carrier successfully carried out the nuclear bomb test.
December 28th With the approval of Premier Zhou Enlai of the State Council, Xie Jianying, vice chairman of the Central Military Commission, chaired an aviation briefing meeting, focusing on the aviation scientific research system, and established the basic principles of the aviation industry research and production management system.
1978
April 4th Deng Xiaoping met with the new minister of the defense industry system. He pointed out that science and technology is a huge productivity, especially in the aviation industry. It is necessary to identify talents in an independent manner, and ensure the quality of the aircraft in one hundred percent.
July 22nd - August 2nd The three aircraft department held an aviation science and technology work conference in Tianjin, and put forward the first policy of scientific research and the goal of "updating one generation, developing one generation, and researching ahead one generation".
The 80-90 decade of twentieth Century Comprehensive reform
After the party's the third Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee, China's aviation industry has gradually adjusted its priorities. In the process of comprehensively promoting reforms, it has launched a large-scale strategic transformation of "turning the army into the civilian sector and turning the inside out", creating a new era of reform and opening up, the transformation of the army to the people and the implementation of strategic transfer. From the early 80s of last century to the end of 90s, military aircraft launched nearly 40 types of development, provided a large number of aviation and military equipment to the army, civil aircraft began to change the situation of lagging development for a long time, and made more than 20 types of development and improvement, widely used in various fields of national economy; the production of non aviation products rapidly increased, with sales of more than 30% per year. Speed increases.
1981
December 9th China's first modified air-to-air missile, "Thunderbolt 2", is designed and improved.
1985
March 31st Shanghai Aviation Industry Corp and American McDonnell Douglas signed a contract for CO production of 25 MD-82 aircraft in Shanghai. In March 1989, the two sides signed another 10 MD-82 / 83 cooperative production agreement.
December 11th Straight 8 successfully launched in Jingdezhen, making China one of the few countries in the world that can produce large helicopters.
1987
February 11th China's first local General Aviation Corporation, China Feilong professional airline, was founded.
December China's third generation infrared close range combat air to air missile "Thunderbolt 7" was designed and put into small batch production.
1990
June 20th The more than 12 transport aircraft was awarded the CAA airworthiness certificate. This is the first time that the Chinese civil aircraft has obtained the international model certificate.
June 24th The ACT's verifying machine, the digital vertical axis teletype control system, has successfully closed the first flight, indicating that China has its own advanced flight control system.
November 21st China and Pakistan jointly invested in the development of the K8 base coach flying successfully.
1993
March 22nd The eight session of the National People's Congress adopted a proposal to form the China Aviation Industry Corporation, opening up the prelude to the transformation of China's aviation industry to enterprise operation.
1995
25-28 September In the fifth Plenary Session of the 14th CPC Central Committee, the CPC decided to reiterate the aviation industry in the national high-tech field, and the aviation industry should get its due status in the field of national scientific research. In October 30th, the sixteenth Standing Committee of the Eighth National People's Congress adopted the "Civil Aviation Law of the people's Republic of China". For the first time, it explicitly put forward the state's support for the aviation manufacturing industry.
November 25th Known as "Asia's first" continuous air source aero-engine high-altitude simulation test platform in Jiangyou, Sichuan officially put into operation. China has become the fifth country after the United States, Russia, Britain and France to develop high-performance Aeroengine Test methods.
1997
December 10th Known as "the first track in Asia", the main project of the rocket skid slideway has been accepted by the state in Xiangfan, Hubei, making China the fifth country to have such large test facilities after the United States, Russia, Britain and France.
August 1327th China's first coaxial single helicopter "bee 16" was successfully launched in Beijing.
1980
September 26th China's own large jetliner made 10 of its first flight in Shanghai.
December 15th The new high altitude unmanned reconnaissance aircraft scout 5 has been successfully developed.
1984
June 12th The all-purpose high speed and all-weather J8 II aircraft was successfully launched in Shenyang.
December 1st Beijing aeronautical college doctoral student Gao Ge and other successful research "sand dune vortex flame stabilizer design theory and method" won the first prize of national invention. In February 4, 1985, general secretary Hu Yaobang praised the high song when he met Gao Song.
1986
August 31st -9 7 China's aviation industry first participated in the twenty-seventh International Aviation Expo held in Van pen, UK.
1988
February 4th The J7 III aircraft and its auxiliary power plant turbojet 13 engine are designed and finalized.
October 30th China's first generation of armed helicopters straight 9W successfully flew first in Jingdezhen.
December 14th China's first generation of supersonic fighter bombers Flying Leopard flew first in Xi'an.
1991
April 17th The group of aviation and aerospace industry set up the highest honor of China's aviation industry, the "aviation Gold Award".
December 23rd China's air refueling project has successfully realized refueling and refueling aircraft refueling for the first time.
1992
November 7th Turbo shaft 8A engine (assembly straight 9) is identified by state-level technology.
1994
18-22 January China Aviation Industry Corporation announced that the development and implementation of China's aviation industry "take-off plan", its development strategy is to highlight the main body (aviation products), strengthen the two wings (non aviation products and the third industry), develop the economy and revitalize aviation.
October 22nd General secretary Jiang Zemin inspected the Chengdu Aircraft Design Institute. He pointed to the prototype of the J-10 and said, "this aircraft is a treasure. In a sense, it is more effective than the atomic bomb."
December 20th China's first full waveform multifunction fire control radar, the first flight test of the "divine eagle" PD airborne radar, was successfully launched.
1996
5-10 November The first China International Aviation and aerospace exposition was held in Zhuhai. This is China's first international large-scale air show with flying shows and exhibits.
1998
March 23rd China's independent and independently developed J-10 aircraft successfully flew first, and our fighters achieved a historic leap from the second generation to the third generation.
September 26th The first generation of China's practical utility vehicle DXF100 was successfully launched in Hubei. In June 12, 1999, it was put into operation in Zhejiang.
December 25th The first flight of the 11A fighter was successful.
1999-2008 years Across the century
In 1999, China Aviation Industry Corporation was divided into two parts, namely China Aviation Industry Corporation and China Aviation Industry Corporation Ii. Over the next ten years, China's aviation industry has mastered third generation of fighter and engine, turbofan feeder aircraft and advanced helicopters R & D technology, making China one of the few countries capable of developing advanced fighters, helicopters and other aviation equipment. At the same time, the rapid development of civil aircraft industry, gas turbine industry and non aviation products has made important contributions to the development of civil aviation and other related industries.
2000
March 2nd The "new boat" 60 regional jet was successfully launched in Shaanxi.
May 29th China's first large-scale wind power equipment, N43 type 600kW grid connected wind turbine, is identified by technology. China's wind power equipment has long been relied on imports.
December 21st China's self-developed and straight 11 dual-purpose light helicopter with complete independent intellectual property rights has been designed and examined by the state. This is a milestone for China's helicopter industry from the introduction of patent production, mapping and imitation, improvement to self development.
2002
May 20th China's first self-developed intellectual property and Technology Advanced Aero Engine "Kunlun" turbojet engine has been approved by the state. China has become the fifth country in the world to independently develop aero engines after the United States, Russia, Britain and France.
2005
September 13th The development of the new generation of air-to-air missile system has achieved the leap from the third generation to the fourth generation.
December 22nd The "Shan Ying" senior trainer has passed the technical appraisal, marking the development level of China's advanced trainer aircraft in the ranks of developed countries.
December 28th China's first large thrust turbofan engine "Taihang" is designed and finalized, marking that China has achieved the leap from medium thrust to large thrust, from turbojet engine to turbofan engine, from second generation to third generation.
2007
December 21st China's first independent intellectual property rights new regional jet ARJ21-700 assembly was downloaded.
1999
October 1st Fighter planes, assault planes, fighter bombers, bombers, refueling machines, new fighters and armed helicopters have 7 aircraft, 15 models, 132 aircraft, and 10 echelons flying over the Tiananmen to be inspected. 18 domestic "upstream 2" missiles are passing through the Tiananmen with the navy ground vehicle team.
2001
July 21st The "Aeronautical Engineering" project was selected as "China's major engineering achievements in twentieth Century".
2003
January 22nd China's new ejection rescue system successfully completed the launch test in Xiangfan.
April The first new special armed helicopter developed by China successfully flew first.
July 28th China's first light duty gas turbine QD128 and QD70 aircraft with independent intellectual property rights are connected to power generation in Zhongyuan oil field in Henan, marking the entry into the marketization stage of China's gas turbine development.
August 25th China and Pakistan developed a new fighter aircraft, "owl dragon" first flew successfully.
2006
March 13th China's independently developed "Falcon" new generation of advanced coaches flew successfully.
April 12th General secretary Hu Jintao made a congratulatory letter to the aviation industry, and pointed out that the development of the aviation industry is of great strategic significance for safeguarding national security, promoting economic construction and improving the overall level of national science and technology.
December 30th Medium thrust afterburner turbofan engine "Qinling Mountains" production stereotyped.
2008
October 9th China's new generation of turbojet feeder aircraft - "new boat" 600 flights successfully.
November 6th With the approval of the State Council, China Aviation Industry Group Co., Ltd. was formally established, and Lin Zuo Ming as general manager. This is the largest strategic consolidation and specialized reorganization in China's aviation industry. Prior to this, the Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China was unveiled in May 11th, and the development project of the national large passenger aircraft was officially launched.
2008 to date Restructuring
In November 6, 2008, the original China Aviation Industry Corporation and second group companies reorganized the establishment of the new China Aviation Industry Group Co., Ltd. At the beginning of the integration, the aviation industry clearly put forward the long-term development strategy, and China's aviation industry has entered a new stage. In the past three years, the aviation industry has gone against the trend and developed scientifically, and its comprehensive strength has reached a new stage. The total assets grew by an average annual growth rate of 21%, operating income increased by 18% annually, annual profits increased by more than 20%, total assets jumped to 500 billion yuan, and was awarded a grade a continuously in the performance appraisal of the central enterprises of the State Council.
2010
March 18th China's first large civilian helicopter AC313 first flew successfully.
2009
June 2nd General secretary Hu Jintao commented that Wu Daguan, the father of China's aero engine, was a paragon of patriotism, selflessness and success in serving the country. He asked to conscientiously summarize and publicize his advanced deeds and noble spirit.
July 8th China Aviation Industry Group Co., Ltd., first declared and successfully selected the Fortune 500 in the world, became the first Chinese military enterprise to rank among the world's top 500.
October 1st During the 60th anniversary National Day parade, all the 151 fighter planes independently developed by China flew over Tiananmen square and accepted the inspection of the motherland and the people. These include: Air Force 2000, air force 200, J-10, annihilate 11, bombardment 6H, bombardment 6, annihilate 7A, annihilate 7A, annihilate D, annihilate F, annihilate 7GB, direct 8K/ direct 8KA, straight 9 reconnaissance / direct 9 armed type and teach 8 15 models.
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